Have you been experiencing pain in a leg or both legs just below your knee when you are running, exercising or even resting? You may be experiencing an injury to the muscles and tendons of your tibia bone or more commonly known as the shin. This is no ordinary kind of injury like leg cramps – this problem is even more serious.
The injury is called tibial stress syndrome of well-known for the name shin splints. This condition is the result of too much strain on the muscles and tendons that are connected to the tibia or shin causing pain and discomfort. The pain is caused by the inflammation of the muscles and tendons of the lower leg.
There are basically two types of shin splints: anterior shin splints and posterior shin splints. Anterior shin splints are commonly the painful feeling in the foremost external subordinate part of the leg. The groups of muscles that are affected with this type of injury are those that are found connected in the front part of the tibia bone. Shin splints of the posterior type affect the groups of muscles that are found and are connected to the inner inside part of the shin bone.
So how do athletes and ordinary people get this painful condition?
1. Overstrained muscles
As mentioned before, shin splints are caused by overworked muscles. Walking or running on pavement can also put a lot of pressure on the tibia. The stress puts so much damage to the bone that prevents the bone from remodeling or repairing itself. The “stress fracture” reveals itself to the increasing pain while you run.
Also known as chronic compartment syndrome is a condition when muscles, nerves and blood vessels are compressed in a “compartment” inside the body. CCS happens when tibial fracture causes a little bleeding in the closed space because the tissues cannot stretch. Another is when muscles swell inside the compartment. When CCS occurs, pressure rises and blood circulation drops which could damage the nerves and muscles nearby.
3. Flat Feet
Pesplanus is another name for the condition when muscles in tibial bone overstretched. Muscles weaken and then you experience inflammation. So the more you stretch the tibial muscles, the pain and inflammation increases.
There are other factors to blame why runners get shin splints. One is insufficient proper training especially if you are a beginner. The training should build slowly instead of running around for hours in your first days. Also taking warm-up exercises is important at the beginning of your training. Another is the running shoes you wear. It should fit you comfortably and should have proper cushioning to prevent too much pressure on the feet.
The best way to prevent the occurrence of leg injuries just like posterior shin splints is getting ready before the activity. Getting ready and pumped up means that before you engage in strenuous leg activities like joining a marathon or just simply jogging, make sure to wear appropriate shoes and attire to keep comfort and protection to your leg muscles at the same time. Also, it is best advised to warm up and do correct stretching exercise to relax the muscles and trigger the “get ready” button. Do exercises at a step by step basis with difficulty and pace slowly increasing to prevent getting injured.